Volume 1: Surah Baqarah, Verses 45-46
And seek assistance through patience and prayer;
and most surely it is a hard thing, except for the humble ones
(45), who know that they shall meet their Lord and that they shall
return to Him (46).
* * * * *
Qur'an: .....And seek assistance through patience and prayer:
Man seeks assistance in such affairs and tasks as he cannot manage alone, and in hardships and difficulties which he cannot overcome himself. In reality there is no helper except Allah. Man can, therefore, manage all his affairs and overcome all his difficulties by courage and steadfastness (i.e. by patience) and by looking towards Allah (i.e. by prayer). These two factors are the best way to get assistance: patience makes even the great misfortunes look trivial, and putting all his confidence in Allah awakens the spirit of faith; and thus man comes to realize that the cause which he is relying upon can never fail to produce the desired effect.
most surely it is a hard thing except for the humble
The pronoun, it, refers to the "prayer". It is difficult to relate it to "seeking the assistance", because it will then cover patience too, and the word "the humble ones" will not look appropriate - humbleness does not fit very much with patience. The word used here for humbleness is "khushu"; "khudu" too has the same meaning but with one difference: while the latter shows itself in the limbs of the body, the former refers to the inner feeling.
Qur'an: .....who know that they shall meet their Lord . . . :
above discourse is based on the assumption that the
(a.s.) said: "Whenever 'Ali (a.s.) faced a difficulty, he used to stand up
for the prayer and then recite this verse: and seek assistance through
patience and prayer." (al-Kafi)
same Imam said about this verse: "The patience means fasting." Also he
said: "When a man is confronted by a hard misfortune, he should
fast. Surely Allah says: and seek assistance through patience, that
is, fast." (ibid.)
author says: al-'Ayyashi too has narrated the theme of these two
traditions in his at-Tafsir. Interpretation of "patience" as
fast is based on the "flow" of the Qur'an.
'l-Hasan (a.s.) said about this verse: "The patience means fast; when a
man is visited by a hardship or misfortune, he should fast; surely Allah
says: And seek assistance through patience and prayer; and most surely
it is a hard thing except for the humble ones. And the humble
one is he who shows humility in his prayer, turning all his attention to
it; and it means the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) and the Leader of the
faithful (a.s.)." (al-Ayyashi)
author says: The Imam has inferred from this verse the desirability of
fasting and praying when one is facing any hardship or turmoil; and
likewise, the desirability of seeking the divine help through the medium
of the Prophet and 'Ali (a.s.) at that time. In this way, the
tradition interprets the fast and the prayer as the Prophet and 'Ali
(a.s.) said about the verse, who know that they shall
author says: as-Saduq also has narrated this tradition.
(a.s.) said that this verse was revealed about 'Ali, 'Uthman ibn Maz'un,
'Ammar ibn Yasir and (some of) their friends. (al-Manaqib, Ibn